Abu Dhabi Pearl: The World’s Oldest Known Natural Pearl Discovered on Marawah Island
The oldest known natural pearl in the world has been discovered by Department of Culture and Tourism – Abu Dhabi (DCT Abu Dhabi) archaeologists working at a Neolithic site on Marawah Island, just off the coast of Abu Dhabi. Dubbed the ‘Abu Dhabi Pearl’, it was found in layers carbon dated to 5800-5600 BCE, during the Neolithic period. The discovery is proof that pearls and oysters were used in the UAE nearly 8,000 years ago, and represents the earliest known evidence for pearling yet discovered in the world.
Abu Dhabi Pearl: The World’s Oldest Known Natural Pearl Discovered on Marawah Island, Photo: AETOSWire
Pearls were precious elements during the Neolithic period, certainly falling into the category of luxury and used for adornment. As such, the priceless and historically significant Abu Dhabi Pearl will feature in the upcoming Louvre Abu Dhabi exhibition 10,000 Years of Luxury, where it will be on display to the public for the very first time since its discovery.
Carbon dating has proven the Abu Dhabi Pearl to be older than both of the two most significant prior pearl discoveries – one uncovered at a Neolithic site in Umm al-Quwain and the other at a Neolithic cemetery in Sharjah.
The Marawah site was first discovered in 1992, and consists of numerous collapsed Neolithic stone structures. Other significant finds from the site have included an imported ceramic vase, flint arrowheads and shell and stone beads. Numerous painted plaster vessel fragments discovered represent the earliest known decorative art found in the UAE. At the beginning of 2020 a major new excavation will take place at the site.
Experts have suggested pearls were possibly traded with Mesopotamia in exchange for highly-decorated ceramics and other goods. Pearls were precious elements during the Neolithic period and likely worn as jewellery by the local population.
The art of pearling required an in-depth knowledge of pearl beds and their locations and expert seafaring skills. Once these were mastered by the ancient inhabitants of Marawah, pearling was to remain a mainstay of the UAE’s economy for millennia.
The Pearl will be featured in 10,000 Years of Luxury exhibition, taking place at Louvre Abu Dhabi from 30 October 2019 to 18 February 2020.